On the first Sunday of Advent the church begins a new year of grace; gospel scriptures for the year are mostly passages from Matthew.
circa 80 - 90
No indication of "Matthew" until the second century, but for discussion purposes we can assume followers of the apostle and tax collector Matthew similar to the way we consider the gospel according to John authored by the community that surrounded John the beloved disciple.
Matthew contains 90% of the verses in Mark, the earliest canonical gospel. (Luke contains about 50% of Mark.) Matthew and Luke both contain parallel, sometimes identical passages not found in Mark. Scholars still speculate there might have been a no longer extant written collection of Jesus' sayings, sometimes referred to as "Q", from the first word of the German Quelle—river or source. Matthew's community may have had a third written "M" source.
Semitic Greek, or possibly Aramaic, the vernacular Hebrew Jesus spoke. Not really certain.
Greek-speaking Jewish Christians in Antioch in Syria, where they first called Jesus' followers Christian – Acts 11:28. That Antioch's now part of present-day Turkey.
World View, Content
Kingdom of Heaven rather than Kingdom of God
Concerned about fulfilling Hebrew Bible prophecies and predictions
Jesus as new Moses, new David, "son of David"
Matthew's genealogy goes back to Abraham, father of the Jewish nation
Visit of the Magi at Epiphany – God for the world. Scripture doe not say how many kings there were, but tradition has it at three.
Flight into Egypt – New Exodus
The only gospel that uses the word "ecclesia," and brings us some ecclesiology related to church order and structure. Ecclesis is the Roman city council, New England town meeting.
Before Jesus' resurrection Matthew calls God's people "Israelites"; after the resurrection he calls them Jews.
Great Commission – Gospel for the world
Five discourses, possibly to reflect structure of the Pentateuch, possibly presenting Jesus as a new Moses, the gospel as a new Torah.
(1) chapters 5–7
(2) chapter 10
(3) chapter 13
(4) chapter 18
(5) chapters 24–25
Parables unique to Matthew
• weeds among the tares of wheat
• the treasure
• the pearl
• the net
• the unforgiving servant
• the laborers in the vineyard
• the two sons
• the ten virgins